Essay: the Cuban revolution

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This paper aims to present my point of view about the Cuban revolution, its causes, its consequences, its form of government, the participants of the revolution, its leaders, its social impact on the peoples of America and the long Way that still has to go.
I do not intend to establish or define the Cuban Revolution as something “good or bad” because something of such great historical importance can not and should not be reduced to that, but rather analyzed in all its aspects.
The following essay is based on the analysis of the same and a previous documentary research, trying to know different points of view of several authors and different criteria of the Cuban civil society, to have a greater objectivity on the subject and not to fall into the Bias and prejudice.
I include in the same information data sources as well as opinions of Cubans, this is to have real sources of people who are part of this revolution, the Cuban Revolution.
Taking into account that when talking about the Cuban revolution we not only refer to the armed movement that triumphed in 59, not only the characters that the story concerns, but the Cuban liberating thought and the same people that in the end is who turns The wheel of history.

“Cuba is not just Fidel Castro. Cuba is Macao, is Marti, is Maxim Gomez, is Pedro Luis Boatel, is Vicente Mendez, is Luis Posada Carries. Cuba is not one of the slavers but of those who will one day break their chains. ”
Throughout history, the world has been plagued by violent, sudden artistic, cultural, social and economic revolutions, broken structures and broken established orders, but above all they have radically changed and transformed the immediate past.
The Cuban Revolution is the term with which we designate Cuban revolutionary or liberating thought, as well as the event that gave power to the insurgency that opposed the dictatorship of Effulgence Batista.
The Cuban Revolution occurs in response to innumerable causes that stunned the Cuban people, imposed rules, land ceded for the preservation of independence and a people with longing for liberation that if not reacted would have ended as a colony of the decolonizing United States.
But why did the United States believe in the power and right to intervene and take over Cuba?
Well I think it would take some history.
When the war of Cuban independence occurred and the leaders of the same fell, the United States saw the possibility of intervening and taking as an excuse the ambush of the Maine in 1898, the United States intervened in the Cuban War of Independence, it is presumed In addition, that the explosion of the same was provoked by the United States to be able to take part in this War, to this it is added that from many years before in that country had been talking about the possibility of acquiring Cuba.
Finally, the troops disembarked by Santiago de Cuba and finished the war. Cuba remained under the administration of the United States for four years. In 1902, after a democratic election, the United States ceded control of the government to Tomas Estrada Palma, although it reserved the right to intervene in the internal affairs of the island through the Platt Amendment. However, there were always close relations between the Cuban and American governments, thus lending themselves to manipulation.

Cuba was proclaimed a republic on May 20, 1902, but despite its independence, Cuba remained under the tutelage of the United States and this is the last and first cause of the Cuban Revolution of 1959.

The United States is a country that, although it often leads the struggle for civil and social rights, had and always had imperialist aspirations, among which we can highlight the US intervention in Mexico in 1848 that resulted in the cession of California and A large part of present-day South America, the purchase of the French Louisiana which practically doubled its territory and the purchase of Alaska from Russia that practically gave it control of North America.
But why not replay the apparent values ​​and ideals that they themselves held? That is united states despite being a power today is also an American country that was once subjected to England spoke of freedom and respect for civil rights however where he saw possibilities for expansion, development and power took, was A nation that sought to strengthen itself but did not respect the sovereignty of other peoples and nations and from my point of view a true Republic is that which coupled with its autonomy respects that of others, a free country is one that does not enslave other peoples Because for them, freedom is the most precious possession and to which it must be respected and viewed as a social right of all the men and peoples of the world.
But the fact is that after intervening in the Independence of Cuba I apply the theory of “ripe fruit”, derived in turn from the “Monroe Doctrine”, the United States took DE fact power on the island, which , Although it was sanitized (especially the cities) from the point of view of health, fell for a long time under the aegis of the United States. The right to military intervention and the Platte Amendment of the first Constitution (in 1902, they put Cuba in a position of servitude before the wills of the American power, without possibility of freedom.
The difference between the new and the old conquerors and settlers is that somehow they were behind it, that is to say, I do not pretend to justify them, much less because they committed the worst crimes of humanity against the people who badly called Indians but it is much worse than a nation Or a “brother” people and I say brother because we belong to the same continent and in some way or another the history of all the peoples of America are linked, do the same or want to do the same to their “brother” countries.
Platt’s amendment is reduced to a simple regulation that Cuba had to follow to preserve its independence, which among other things consisted in supplying the United States with the necessary land for coal, naval stations or other activities that the US government considered, for example The appropriation of arable land.
In 1940 the constitution of Cuba was softened and Batista became the standard bearer of antifascist, was elected president with the support of the communists after the two other presidents took place that aligned to American politics and repression, which gave Place to social discontent and upcoming elections.
Batista anticipated them and by means of a military coup supported by the United States began his last period of government that instituting a dictatorial regime: the Constitution of 1940 was suspended, and the political parties, dissolved. 47% of the cultivated land belonged to the big American companies, the illiteracy rate reached 23% of the population, and the constant population growth was impacting on unemployment. The vanguard of the popular opposition to Batista was constituted by the university students of Havana, mostly influenced by orthodox doctrine. One of them was Fidel Castro, who led the attack on the Monacan barracks.
Some of the causes that prompted the people to follow the revolutionaries
Among other things were illiteracy rates, extreme poverty in their fields that had to coexist with the bourgeoisie of sugar and tobacco, the uninterrupted series of 30 years of authoritarian governments and the intense American exploitation of Cuban territory.

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