Edgar Allan Poe essay

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Edgar Allan Poe, a writer for many reasons considered to be the founder of a type of fiction, essay and poem that have earned him a prominent place in literature of any time, must have run races of ink trying to unravel the work of Edgar Allan Poe. It is not easy to justify these reasons, even if they are well known. However, it should be tried very briefly.
Poe was born in Boston, United States, at the beginning of the nineteenth century (1809) and lived only forty years (1849) of an existence populated by strong, overwhelming incidents that led him to define a series of aesthetic and vital phenomena that shape his mode Of conceiving the world. The best known of his life begins with the death of his mother when he was only a three-year-old boy (he was the son of two traveling actors, David Poe and Elizabeth Arnold, who had no way of keeping him, both died at the same time , Abandoning three young children) and the subsequent abandonment of his father, so that his upbringing should be entrusted to John Allan, a wealthy merchant from Richmond, Virginia, and his wife Frances Allan, an adoptive mother, Who also dies when he is small. From John he took his first surname, and maintained with him a tense and conflicting relationship. The young Edgar traveled with his tutors between 1816 and 1820 to Scotland and London, where his stepfather was going to do business, and there he studied in English schools where sports and physical rudeness were important. That is why Poe’s appearance has nothing to do with that of a feeble drunken poet; Was a man not very tall but athletic, strong, proportionate body. He liked to practice the box and is famous the episode where he swam six miles by the flow of a river. He had a noble face with penetrating eyes, sad and black, and a broad forehead.

The initial culture of Poe comes first of its childhood, where it has contact with the southern folklore; Is treated by black nurses and servants slaves, in a childhood populated with appearances, stories about cemeteries and corpses wandering in jungles. On the other hand, there is the contact during his adolescence with the reading of Scottish and English quarterly magazines full of popular stories. With his black nurse, he certainly assimilated the rhythms of the people of color who give strength to his verses; Then the presence of the sea and the captains of ships with whom his stepfather dealt in the overseas business, who narrated maritime stories, must have impressed him.

Then John Allan sends him to study at the University of Virginia, but the young Edgar presents constant tendencies to drink and play that prevent him from completing his studies, which is why the stepfather withdraws his financial support. After this, he tries to enter the military academy of West Point, where he is less accustomed, unable to adapt to military discipline. He begins to read a lot and write poems, articles and stories where he shows his early skills. He takes advantage and cultivates these skills and marches to the city of Baltimore, where he begins to work like literary critic in diverse newspapers of the time. From then on, this will be his main office and his way of staying, next to the editor and director of magazines (Southern Literary Messenger); And this must be taken into account when assessing an existence between material precariousness, an ardent imagination and a vocation indefinable by literature, until his last days.

Before she was thirty, she married her cousin Virginia Clam, (she had had two girlfriends in her teenage years, Helen and Elmira) with whom she had been together for eleven years, when she died of tuberculosis, a fact that plunged her into nervous depression .

Although he had already published his Grotesque and arabesque tales in 1840, his true recognition as a writer began with the publication of the story The Golden Beetle in 1843, a text in which his faculties were revealed: a clear mastery of his own style, deductive capacity, A broad scientific and philosophical culture, and a febrile imagination inherited from the English Gothic tradition of the eighteenth century, renewed with peculiar touches of new elements that move between the articulate of the characters and their psychic world, as well as in the territories of the poetic And the obscure (which are part of his conception of the art of the grotesque), hence he is regarded as a master of the horror story and the crime novel (the analysis of clues and data that allow to find the culprit Of a certain murder, appear for the first time in The Crimes of the Street Morgue), at the time of being considered to him a romantic poet and a sort of decadent, precursor of l (By the use of elements of scientific reasoning in the design of utopian worlds) and of the so-called modern spirit, in establishing the clash of a spiritual and independent world with that of the materialistic incomprehension of the utilitarian mass society, a consequence of the world Industrial capitalist. This advanced condition is recognized in Europe by Charles Baudelaire himself, who carried out the complete version of his works in the French language and wrote for them a revealing prologue, which places him immediately at the apex of European literature. Baudelaire and Ruben Dario agree in the fundamentally materialistic and pragmatic context, almost insensible, where Poe’s life unfolds, in a United States “Cyclopedia, monstrous, stormy, irresistible check capital” as Dario calls it, which cannot be propitious To a delicate and refined soul like Poe’s. Meanwhile, Baudelaire tells us that the United States is “a gigantic and childlike country, naturally jealous of the old continent.

Satisfied of its material, abnormal and almost monstrous growth, this newcomer to history has a naive faith in the omnipotence of industry; Is convinced, like some hapless ones among us, that he will end by devouring the Devil. ” On the other hand, our Ludovico Silva tells us that “It may be Edgar Allan Poe – and the election is not arbitrary – the first victim of the industrial revolution, and the first genuine representative of the counterculture. I define the counterculture, provisionally, as the specific mode of cultural being of capitalist society, and it is characterized by its relentless opposition to the values ​​of change on which this society is based. ”
Another notable writer in Latin America, the Argentine Julio Cortical, set out to translate Poe’s entire work -except poetic-into Spanish, accompanied by two critical studies, achieving difficult versions to overcome.

This one has been pronounced in another sense when it says to us: “The raven shook the literary circles and all the social layers, to a point that at the moment it is difficult to imagine. The mysterious magic of the poem, its dark call, the author’s name, satanically aureola with a “black legend” conspired to make The Crow the very image of romanticism in America, and one of the most memorable instances of poetry of all the Times”.

At the same time, Poe is indebted to English romantic poets such as Byron, Coleridge, Moore, Keats or Shelley, and was certainly heavily influenced by the fantastic tales of German E. T. Hoffman. In 1845 they finally published their Stories (Tales), as well as the important poetic volume El curve and other poems.

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